When was the universe created?

When was the universe created?

“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” — Genesis 1:1

Archbishop James Ussher: 22 October 4004 BCE

Young-Earth Creationists:

6000 – 10,000 years ago
“…the Biblical chronology is about a million times shorter than the evolutionary chronology. A million-fold mistake is no small matter, and Biblical scholars surely need to give primary attention to resolving this tremendous discrepancy right at the very foundation of our entire Biblical cosmology. This is not a peripheral issue that can be dismissed with some exegetical twist, but is central to the very integrity of scriptural theology.” — Henry Morris, The Biblical Basis for Modern Science, Baker,(1984), Page 115.

Jehovah’s Witnesses: 46,026 BCE
The JW book “Let God Be True” (1946) says that each of the seven days of creation was 7,000 years long. And that since Adam was “created toward the close of the sixth day, he was put on earth toward the end of 42,000 years of earth’s preparation.” (p. 155) And since “[a]ccording to reliable Bible chronology Adam was created in the year 4026 B.C.E., likely in the autumn of the year, at the end of the sixth day of creation” (April 1, 1968, Watchtower), we know that the universe was created in 46,026 BCE.

Old-Earth Creationists: Somewhere between 10,000 and 20 billion years
It’s hard to pin these folks down, but they generally accept some form of day-age interpretation for the creation days of Genesis 1.

Catholic Church: The date cannot be determined from the bible
“At least 200 dates have been suggested, varying from 3483 to 6934 years B.C., all based on the supposition that the Bible enables us to settle the point. But it does nothing of the sort. … The literal interpretation has now been entirely abandoned; and the world is admitted to be of immense antiquity. … On such questions we have no Biblical evidence, and the Catholic is quite free to follow the teaching of science.” — Catholic Encyclopedia: Biblical Chronology

Meaning: division

one of the sons of Eber; so called because “in his days was the Earth divided” (Gen. 10:25)

“The ‘division’ that took place was, most likely, the traumatic upheaval at Babel. A division in Genesis 10:5, 32 is mentioned, where the division is “after his tongue.” Nimrod was in the same generation as Eber, and this is the only place in the Table of Nations where the meaning of a son’s name is given, indicating the importance of the event it commemorated. However, it is true that two different words are used (Pelag in Genesis 10:25, parad in Genesis 10:5,32). Although the two words are essentially synonymous, this might indicate a different type of division. Many Bible teachers have suggested, therefore, that Genesis 10:25 might refer to a splitting of the single post-Flood continent into the present continents of the world. They associate the modern scientific model of sea-floor spreading and continental drifting with Genesis 10:25.

It should be remembered, however, that the continental drift hypothesis has by no means been proved, and the verse seems to refer more directly to the division into families, countries and languages. Furthermore, even if the continents have separated from a single primeval continent, such a split more likely would have occurred in connection with the continental uplifts terminating the global deluge (Psalm 104:6-9).” (Dr. Henry M. Morris, The Defenders Bible—notes)

Science and History in the Bible

For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind.–James 3:7

Reason must be deluded, blinded, and destroyed. Faith must trample underfoot all reason, sense, and understanding, and whatever it sees must be put out of sight and … know nothing but the word of God. — Martin Luther


“In the beginning”
When was the universe created?
The Gap Theory 1:1-2
The Genesis 1 creation account conflicts with the order of events that are known to science. In Genesis, the earth is created before light and stars, birds and whales before reptiles and insects, and flowering plants before any animals. The order of events known from science is just the opposite. 1:1-2:3
God creates light and separates light from darkness, and day from night, on the first day. Yet he didn’t make the light producing objects (the sun and the stars) until the fourth day (1:14-19). And how could there be “the evening and the morning” on the first day if there was no sun to mark them? 1:3-5
God spends one-sixth of his entire creative effort (the second day) working on a solid firmament. This strange structure, which God calls heaven, is intended to separate the higher waters from the lower waters. 1:6-8
Plants are made on the third day before there was a sun to drive their photosynthetic processes (1:14-19). 1:11
God lets “the earth bring forth” the plants, rather than creating them directly. Maybe Genesis is not so anti-evolution after all. 1:11
In an apparent endorsement of astrology, God places the sun, moon, and stars in the firmament so that they can be used “for signs”. This, of course, is exactly what astrologers do: read “the signs” in the Zodiac in an effort to predict what will happen on Earth. 1:14
God makes two lights: “the greater light [the sun] to rule the day, and the lesser light [the moon] to rule the night.” But the moon is not a light, but only reflects light from the sun. And why, if God made the moon to “rule the night”, does it spend half of its time moving through the daytime sky? 1:16
“He made the stars also.” God spends a day making light (before making the stars) and separating light from darkness; then, at the end of a hard day’s work, and almost as an afterthought, he makes the trillions of stars. 1:16
“And God set them [the stars] in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth.” 1:17
In verse 11, God “let the earth bring forth” the plants. Now he has the earth “bring forth” the animals as well. So maybe the creationists have it all wrong. Maybe God created livings things through the process of evolution. 1:24
God gave humans dominion over every other living thing on earth. 1:26
God commands us to “be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over … every living thing that moveth upon the earth.” 1:28
“I have given you every herb … and every tree … for meat.”
Since many plants have evolved poisons to protect against animals that would like to eat them, God’s advice is more than a little reckless. Would you tell your children to go out in the garden and eat whatever plants they encounter? Of course not. But then, you are much nicer and smarter than God. 1:29
All animals were originally herbivores. Tapeworms, vampire bats, mosquitoes, and barracudas — all were strict vegetarians, as they were created by God. 1:30
“God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good.” He purposefully designed a system that ensures the suffering and death of all his creatures, parasite and host, predator and prey. 1:31
In Genesis 1 the entire creation takes 6 days, but the universe is 13.7 billion years old, with new stars constantly being formed. 1:31
Humans were not created instantaneously from dust and breath, but evolved over millions of years from simpler life forms. 2:7
After making the animals, God has Adam name them all. The naming of several million species must have kept Adam busy for a while. 2:18-22
God fashions a woman out of one of Adam’s ribs.
Because of this story, it was commonly believed (and sometimes it is still said today) that males have one less rib than females. When Vesalius showed in 1543 that the number of ribs was the same in males and females, it created a storm of controversy. 2:19
God curses the serpent. From now on the serpent will crawl on his belly and eat dust. One wonders how he got around before — by hopping on his tail, perhaps? But snakes don’t eat dust, do they? 3:14
Because Adam listened to Eve, God cursed the ground and causes thorns and thistles to grow. Before this, according to the (false) Genesis story, plants had no natural defenses. The rose had no thorn, cacti were spineless, holly leaves were smooth, and the nettle had no sting. Foxgloves, oleander, and milkweeds were all perfectly safe to eat. 3:17-18
Seth lived 912 years. 5:8
Enos lived 905 years. 5:11
Cainan lived 910 years. 5:14
Mahalaleel lived 895 years. 5:17
Jared lived 962 years. 5:20
Enoch doesn’t die he just ascends into heaven. 5:21-24
Enoch lived 365 years before he was taken (alive?) by God. 5:23
When Lamech was born, nine generations were alive at once. Adam, Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, and Lamech were all alive at the time of Lamech’s birth. Adam lived to see his great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson. 5:25
Methuselah lived 969 years. (World record holder.) 5:27
Lamech lived 777 years. 5:31
“There were giants in the earth in those days.” 6:4
God tells Noah to make one small window (18 inches square) in the 450 foot ark for ventilation. 6:14-16
Whether by twos or by sevens, Noah takes male and female representatives from each species of “every thing that creepeth upon the earth.” 7:8
God opens the “windows of heaven.” He does this every time it rains. 7:11
All of the animals boarded the ark “in the selfsame day.” 7:13-14
The flood covered the highest mountain tops (Mount Everest?) with fifteen cubits to spare. 7:20
“The windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained.” This happens whenever it stops raining. 8:2
Noah sends a dove out to see if there was any dry land. But the dove returns without finding any. Then, just seven days later, the dove goes out again and returns with an olive leaf. But how could an olive tree survive the flood? And if any seeds happened to survive, they certainly wouldn’t germinate and grow leaves within a seven day period. 8:8-11
When the animals left the ark, what would they have eaten? There would have been no plants after the ground had been submerged for nearly a year. What would the carnivores have eaten? Whatever prey they ate would have gone extinct. And how did the New World primates or the Australian marsupials find their way back after the flood subsided? 8:19
“And the Lord smelled a sweet savor.”
Noah kills the “clean beasts” and burns their dead bodies for God. According to 7:8 this would have caused the extinction of all “clean” animals since only two of each were taken onto the ark. 8:20-21
“Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.” Although this would have been good advice for the mythical Noah, it is deadly advice for humankind as a whole. Overpopulation is one of our greatest problems, yet there is nothing in the bible to address it. 9:1
According to this verse, all animals fear humans. Although it is true that many do, it is also true that some do not. Sharks and grizzly bears, for example, are generally much less afraid of us than we are of them. 9:2
“Into your hand are they (the animals) delivered.” God gave the animals to humans, and they can do whatever they please with them. This verse has been used by bible believers to justify all kinds of cruelty to animals and environmental destruction. 9:2
“I do set my bow in the cloud.”
God is rightly filled with remorse for having killed his creatures. He makes a deal with the animals, promising never to drown them all again. He even puts the rainbow in the sky so that whenever he sees it, it will remind him of his promise so that he won’t be tempted to do it again. (Every time God sees the rainbow he says to himself: “Oh, yeah…. That’s right. I promised not to drown the animals again. I guess I’ll have to find something else to do.”).
But rainbows are caused by the nature of light, the refractive index of water, and the shape of raindrops. There were rainbows billions of years before humans existed. 9:13
“Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided.”
Some creationists believe that this verse refers to continental drift, which, they say, began to occur during the days of Pelag (which means “division”), about 100 or so years after the flood. But many other creationists disagree. 10:25
“The whole earth was of one language.” But this could not be true, since by this time (around 2400 BCE) there were already many languages, each unintelligible to the others. 11:1, 6
“Now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.”
God worries that the people will succeed in building a tower high enough to reach him (them?) in heaven, and that by so doing they will become omnipotent. 11:4-6
According to the Tower of Babel story, the many human languages were created instantaneously by God. But actually the various languages evolved gradually over long periods of time. 11:9
The ridiculously long lives of the patriarchs. 11:10-32
Shem lived 600 years. 11:12-13
Salah lived 433 years. 11:14-15
Eber lived 464 years. 11:16-17
Peleg lived 239 years. 11:18-19
Reu lived 239 years. 11:20-21
Serug lived 229 years. 11:22-23
Nahor lived 148 years. 11:24-25
And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years. 11:32
Camels were first domesticated in the tenth century BCE hundreds of years after the biblical patriarchs supposedly lived. 12:16, 24:10-64, 30:43, 31:17, 32:7, 32:15, 37:25
“Abram … pursued them unto Dan.”
This is an obvious anachronism, since the city of Dan was not named “Dan” until the time of the Judges (see Judges 18:29). In fact, Dan (for whom the city was named) was not even born yet (see Genesis 30:6). 14:14
“And they returned to the land of the Philistines.” But the Philistines didn’t arrive in the region of Canaan until around 1200 BCE — 800 years after Abraham’s supposed migration from Ur. 21:32, 26:1
Laban learns “by experience” that God has blessed him for Jacob’s sake. “By experience” means “by divination”, at least that is how most other versions translate this verse. 30:27
Jacob displays his (and God’s) knowledge of biology by having goats copulate while looking at streaked rods. The result is streaked baby goats. 30:37-39
God (or an angel) praises Jacob for his fancy genetic work in 30:37-39. 31:11-12
Jacob sent his favorite son (Joseph) to check up on his brothers who were tending flocks in Shechem, which was about fifty miles north of Hebron. When he got there, he found out that his brothers weren’t there, but were another thirteen miles away in Dothan. The trip must have taken poor Joseph a week or so. 37:12-17

Joseph and his magic divining cup. 44:5-15


The birth story of Moses is suspiciously similar to that of the birth of Sargon, an Akkadian monarch from the 3rd millennium BCE. (BBC: The tale of the basket) 2:3
The Israelite population went from 70 (or 75) to several million in a few hundred years. 1:5,7, 12:37, 38:26
Why are some people born with disabilities? Because God deliberately makes them that way. 4:11
God killed Egyptians and their livestock by smashing them with huge hailstones mixed with fire. 9:24
God led the Israelites through the land of the Philistines, hundreds of years before the Philistines were established in Canaan. 13:17
If you do what God says, he won’t send his diseases on you (like he did to the Egyptians). But otherwise…. 15:26
“The manna referred to in the Bible, in Exodus 16:14, seems to have been the dried excrement of Trabutina mannipara, a scale insect that feeds on tamarisk trees.” Benjamin B. Normark, The Sex Lives of Scales, Natural History, Sept. 2004. 16:14-15
It took the Israelites 40 years to travel from Egypt to Canaan, yet such a journey, even at that time, would have taken no more than a few weeks. 16:35
A magical trumpet played loud while God came down in smoke, fire, and earthquakes onto Mt. Sinai. 19:16-18
“In six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them.”
Believers often say that the “days” of creation should be taken allegorically, but this verse is quite clear. God created the universe in six 24 hour days. 20:11


The Bible says that hares and coneys are unclean because they “chew the cud” but do not part the hoof. But hares and coneys are not ruminants and they do not “chew the cud.” 11:5-6
Bats are birds to the biblical God. 11:13, 19
Four-legged fowls are abominations. 11:20
Be sure to watch out for those “other flying creeping things which have four feet.” (I wish God wouldn’t get so technical!) I guess he must mean four-legged insects. You’d think that since God made the insects, and so many of them (at least several million species), that he would know how many legs they have! 11:23
God’s law for lepers: Get two birds. Kill one. Dip the live bird in the blood of the dead one. Sprinkle the blood on the leper seven times, and then let the blood-soaked bird fly off. Next find a lamb and kill it. Wipe some of its blood on the patient’s right ear, thumb, and big toe. Sprinkle seven times with oil and wipe some of the oil on his right ear, thumb and big toe. Repeat. Finally kill a couple doves and offer one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. 14:2-52


The Israelite population went from seventy (Exodus 1:5) to several million (over 600,000 adult males) in 400 years. 1:45-46, 26:51
When the tabernacle was set up, it was covered by a cloud during the day and by fire all night. 9:15
God led the Israelites from one camp to the other with a cloud. When the cloud stopped and rested someplace, the Israelites pitched their tents. When the cloud started moving again, the Israelites followed it. 9:16-23
God sends quails to feed his people until they were “two cubits [about a meter] high upon the face of the earth.” Taking the “face of the earth” to be a circle with a radius of say 30 kilometers (an approximate day’s journey), this would amount to 3 trillion (3×1012) liters of quails. At 2 quails per liter, this would provide a couple million quails for each of several million people.
Although this story is obviously exaggerated, it may have grown from a grain of truth. Common Quail (Cotumix cotumix) migrate twice a year between Africa and Eurasia, and occasional storm-induced “fallout” could make quail appear to rain from the sky. 11:31

God strikes Miriam with leprosy. (In the Bible, leprosy is caused by the wrath of God or the malice of Satan. 12:10
“They … cut down … a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff.”
A single cluster of grapes was so heavy that it took two men to carry it. I guess that’s what you’d expect, though, since they were in the land of giants. (See verses 32-33.) 13:23
“And there we saw the giants … And we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.” This statement may have been figurative, hyperbole, typical biblical exaggeration, or an actual description of the sons of Anak, in which case they must have been about 100 meters tall. These are the same giants (the Nephilium) that resulted when the “sons of God” mated with “the daughters of men in Genesis 6:4 Of course, these superhuman god-men should have been destroyed in the flood. So what are they doing still alive? 13:33
Moses hits a rock with his rod and Presto! — water comes out. 20:11
God sends “fiery serpents” to bite his chosen people, and many of them die. 21:6
God’s cure for snakebite: a brass serpent on a pole. 21:8
God has “the strength of a unicorn.” Oh heck, I bet he’s even stronger than a unicorn. 23:22, 24:8
“He made them wander in the wilderness forty years.”
It took the Israelites 40 years to travel from Egypt to Canaan, yet such a journey, even at that time, would have taken no more than a few weeks. 32:13


“The people is greater and taller than we … we have seen the sons of the Anakims there.” More giants in the promised land. 1:28
It took the Israelites 40 years to travel from Egypt to Canaan, yet such a journey, even at that time, would have taken no more than a few weeks. 2:7, 8:2, 29:5
“A land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time.” (They must have been much more common back then.) 2:10-11, 20-21
Og, the king of the giants, was a tall man, even by NBA standards. His bed measured 9 by 4 cubits (13.5 feet long and 6 feet wide). 3:11
God promises to cast out seven nations including the Amorites, Canaanites, and the Jebusites. But he was unable to fulfill his promise. These nations were “greater and mightier” than the Israelites, who according to Exodus 12:37 and Numbers 1:45-46 already had numbered several million. So the region, according to the bible, must have had a population of more than twenty million! 7:1
“Who led thee through that great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery serpents? … Who brought thee forth water out of the rock of flint?” 8:15
“A people great and tall, the children of the Anakims.”
More giants! 9:2
“When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone … I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water.” 9:9
This verse mistakenly says that the hare chews its cud. 14:7-8
To the biblical God, a bat is just an another unclean bird. 14:11, 18
“And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.” 28:23
“The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed.” 28:24
“An eagle … beareth them on her wings.”
Do eagles carry their young on their wings? I know of no evidence (except for the single anecdote provided here) that they do. 32:11
“Their wine is the poison of dragons.” I wonder what genus and species the bible is referring to when it mentions dragons. 32:33
Joseph’s “horns are like the horns of a unicorn.” 33:17


It took the Israelites 40 years to travel from Egypt to Canaan, yet such a journey, even at that time, would have taken no more than a few weeks. 5:6
Joshua says that those who try to rebuild Jericho will be accursed by God, and will have to sacrifice both their oldest and their youngest sons in its construction. But Jericho still exists today, and is often considered to be the world’s oldest, continuously occupied city. 6:26
This verse says that Ai was never again occupied after it was destroyed by Joshua. But Nehemiah (7:32) lists it among the cities of Israel at the time of the Babylonian captivity. 8:28
In a divine type of daylight savings time, God makes the sun stand still so that Joshua can get all his killing done before dark. 10:12-13
“And the coast of Og king of Bashan, which as of the remnant of the giants.” 12:4, 13:12


“The stars in their courses fought against Sisera.” Unless astrology is true, how can the stars affect the outcome of a battle? 5:20
“As the sun … goeth forth in his might.” The sun, according to the bible, goes around the earth. 5:31
Samson rips up a young lion when “the spirit of the Lord came mightily upon him.” Later, when going to “take” his Philistine wife he notices a swarm of bees and honey in the lion’s carcass (a Divine miracle — or just rotting flesh, flies, and maggots?). 14:5-8

1 Samuel

“The pillars of the earth are the LORD’s, and he hath set the world upon them. 2:8
Saul was a foot taller than everyone else in Israel. 9:2
“So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain.” 12:18
After Jonathan’s first slaughter (20 men in one half acre), God showed his approval with “a very great trembling.” 14:15
Goliath was ten feet tall (“six cubits and a span”). 17:4

2 Samuel

“He weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels.”
Since a shekel is about 11.5 grams, Absolom’s hair weighed 2.3 kilograms! 14:25-26
“Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant” 21:16
“Saph, which was of the sons of the giant” 21:18
There … was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.” 21:20
“These four were born to the giant in Gath.” 21:22
“The earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.” 22:8
“The foundations of the world were discovered … at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.” 22:16
Israel had 1,300,000 fighting men in this battle. Of course, this is a ridiculously high number for a battle between two tribal armies in 1000 BCE. (The United States had about 1.46 million active duty soldiers in 2010.) 24:9

1 Kings

When Solomon was annointed king the people sang and shouted so loudly that it caused an earthquake! 1:39-40
This verse implies that the value of π is 3. (The actual value is approximately 3.14159.) 7:23
God creates droughts by causing “heaven to shut up” as a punishment for sin. 8:35
“And his hand, which he put forth against him, dried up … And the man of God besought the LORD, and the king’s hand was restored him again.”
Ever the playful spirit, God withers, and then restores, the hand of king Jeroboam. 13:4-6
After killing the “man of God” for God, the lion hung around with the ass and the carcass on the side of the road for a few days. 13:24-25, 28
God passes by and causes a great wind, earthquake, fire, and a little voice. (God was in the little voice.) 19:11-12

2 Kings

God sends two bears to rip up 42 little children for making fun of Elisha’s bald head. 2:23-24
Another miracle birth! (And another boy)
Elisha and God make an old woman pregnant. 4:16-17
Elisha restores the life of a dead child, but only after laying on him a couple of times, putting his mouth on the child’s mouth, his eyes on the child’s eyes, and his hands on the child’s hands. Finally, the child responds by sneezing seven times.
Was this a miraculous healing or artificial respiration? 4:32-35
Elisha can do all the tricks of Jesus (raise the dead, heal the sick, etc.). Here he cures a leper, but only after the leper dips himself seven times in the Jordan. 5:14
Elisha not only can cure leprosy, he can also dish it out. Here he makes his servant (Gehazi) and all his descendants lepers forever. 5:27
Elisha makes an iron ax head swim. Neat trick, not even Jesus did that one! 6:6
“Elisha … telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber.”
Elisha is clairaudient (acquires psychic knowledge by auditory means). 6:12
A dead body is brought to life when it accidentally touches the bones of Elisha. 13:21
“Take a lump of figs. And they took and laid it on the boil, and he recovered.” 20:7
Isaiah, with a little help from God, makes the sun move backwards ten degrees. Now that’s quite a trick. All at once, the earth stopped spinning and then reversed its direction of rotation. Or maybe the sun traveled around the earth in those days! 20:11

1 Chronicles

Some creationists believe that this verse (and Genesis 10:25) refers to continental drift, which, they say, began to occur during the days of Pelag (which means “division”), about 100 or so years after the flood. 1:19
“The earth … shall be stable, that it be not moved.” It doesn’t spin on its axis or travel about the sun. 16:30
According to this verse David’s army had 1,100,000 men from Israel and 470,000 men from Judah, Of course, this numbers is ridiculously high for a battle between two tribal armies in 1000 BCE. (The United States had about 1.37 million active duty soldiers in 2001.) 21:5
David provides Solomon with a fantastically large amount of gold and silver with which to build the temple: 100,000 talents of gold and 1,000,000 talents of silver. Since a talent was about 60 pounds, this would be about 3,000 tons of gold and 30,000 tons of silver. 22:14
King David collects ten thousand drams (or darics) for the construction of the temple in Jerusalem. This is especially interesting since darics were coins named after King Darius I who lived some five hundred years after David. 29:7
As usual, the reported amounts of gold, silver, and iron are grossly exaggerated. (5000 talents of gold, for example, would be about 150,000 kilograms, which would be worth about 4.2 billion US dollars in today’s market.) 29:7

2 Chronicles

Since the molten sea was round with a diameter of ten cubits and a circumference of thirty cubits, we know that the biblical value of π is 3. (The actual value isapproximately 3.14159.) 4:2
Abijah spoke to 1,200,000 soldiers at one time. (He had a really loud voice.) 13:3-4
A half million soldiers die in a single God-assisted slaughter. 13:16-17
In the largest single God-assisted massacre in the Bible, Asa, with God’s help, kills one million Ethiopians. 14:8-14
Asa, when he had a foot disease, went to physicians instead of seeking the Lord. (God disapproves of those who seek medical help rather than “seeking the Lord.”) 16:12
God makes Uzziah a leper for burning incense without a license. 26:19-21
God gave “all the kingdoms of the earth” to King Cyrus. (OK, that might be a bit of an exaggeration.) 36:22-23


“In the house of the rolls … in Babylon”
This is the only library building mentioned in the Bible. The author mistakenly thought that Media was a part of Babylon. 6:1-2
“I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the dragon well.”
According to creationist writer, Derek Isaacs, “Ancient Jewish tradition, apart from the Bible, taught that a dragon was somehow attached to the well, either in reality or in spirit. More than likely, that story arose from an actual dinosaur living in the region, or even at some point, living inside the well itself.” Dragons or Dinosaurs?: Creation or Evolution?, p.163

“Haman thought in his heart.” Most people think with their heads, but biblical folks think with their hearts. 6:6

“Which shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.”
The earth rests upon pillars and doesn’t move (unless God gets angry or something). 9:6
“Which commandeth the sun, and it riseth not.”
The earth is fixed and the sun travels about it. 9:7
“The measure thereof is longer than the earth.”
What is the length of a sphere? 11:9
Heaven is set upon pillars that tremble when God gets mad. 26:11
Job is the brother of dragons. 30:29
“By the breath of God frost is given.” 37:10
God spread out the sky, which is a solid structure, hard and strong like a mirror. 37:18
The earth is set on foundations and it does not move. 38:4-6
God could (if he wanted to) pick up the earth by its ends and shake all the wicked people off of it. 38:13
God has snow and hail stored up to use later in time of trouble and war. 38:22
“Out of whose womb came the ice?” Gosh, I don’t know. Was it Glinda, the Good Witch of the North? 38:29
“Wilt thou hunt the prey for the lion?”
God seems pleased to have created prey for lions and ravens to eat. 38:39-41
“Will the unicorn be willing to serve thee?” The unicorn referred to here is probably not the single-horned mythical creature, but rather a wild ox that was mistranslated in the KJV. 39:9-10
Ostriches are not cruel and stupid birds who abandon their eggs to die after laying them, as these verses imply. They are, in fact, careful and attentive parents. The male scoops out a hollow for the eggs, which are incubated by the female during the day and the male at night. After the eggs are hatched, they are cared for by the mother for over a month, at which time the chicks can keep up with running adults. 39:13-16
“The eagle … seeketh the prey…. Her young ones suck up blood.”
God is pleased with the way that predators kill and devour their prey. 39:27-30
Bible believers have identified the behemoth as a hippopotamus, dinosaur, wildebeest, or crocodile. But my favorite is the way these verses are translated by Stephen Mitchell: “Look now: the Beast that I made: he eats grass like a bull. Look: the power in his thighs, the pulsing sinews of his belly. His penis stiffens like a pine; his testicles bulge with vigor.” 40:15-16
“Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord?” 41:1
“His [the leviathan’s] teeth are terrible round about.”
God has equipped predators with teeth that tear the flesh of their prey. 41:14


“The righteous God trieth the hearts and reins.”
Jesus will search your kidneys 7:9
“My reins also instruct me in the night seasons.”
The Psalmist’s kidneys (reins) instruct him at night. 16:7
The earth shakes whenever God really gets mad. 18:7
“The foundations of the world were discovered … at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.” (The earth is set on firm foundations and does not move — unless God blows his nose.) 18:15
The sun moves around the earth. 19:4-6
“Try my reins and my heart.”
Jesus will search your kidneys 26:2
“He maketh them also to skip … like a young unicorn.” 29:6
From his seat in heaven, God can see the whole earth and all its inhabitants.
(He sits directly above the earth, which is a flat disc below him.) 33:14-15
Diseases are sent by God to punish sin. 38:3
“Thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons.” 44:19
“I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field are mine. … The world is mine, and the fulness thereof.”
God takes credit for the entire creation. Preadators, prey, parasite, and host: God purposefully designed them all. 50:11-12
According to the psalmist, snails melt. But they don’t, of course, they simply leave a slimy trail as they move along. 58:8
“The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of God.” 68:8
“I was pricked in my reins.”
(“Reins” means kidneys in the Bible.) 73:21
God is so strong that he can break the head of dragons and of leviathan. 74:13-14
“Thou has set all the borders of the earth”
A spherical earth has no borders. 74:17
God holds the earth up with pillars. 75:3
“He rained flesh also upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea.”
See Numbers 11:20-32, where God sends quails to feed the Israelites until it literally came out their noses. 78:27
Another reference to “the foundations of the earth”, implying that the earth is fixed and does not move. 82:5
“I will make mention of Rahab”
Rahab is a sea-demon or dragon from ancient Jewish folklore. 87:4
“Thou hast broken Rahab [the sea monster] in pieces.” 89:10
“The dragon shalt thou trample under feet.” 91:13
“The world also is established, that it cannot be moved.” 93:1
“The world also shall be established that it shall not be moved.” 96:10
“The Lord … who healeth all thy diseases.” God heals all diseases. Medical science is unnecessary. 103:2-3
“God … who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain” (The earth is stationary and does not orbit the sun.) 104:5
“The waters stood above the mountains.”
Noah’s flood covered the highest mountains, just like it says in Genesis 7:20. 104:6-7
God gives the lions their meat. The cruelty and brutality of nature are all part of God’s plan. 104:21
“In wisdom hast thou made them all.” (God purposely designed the brutality and cruelty of nature.) 104:24
God is offended by those who make things with their hands or invent things with their minds. 106:39
“God … turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.” 114:7-8
“The LORD is good to all: and his tender mercies are over all his works.” Then why do nearly all animals die painful deaths from starvation, predation, or disease long before they reach adulthood? 145:9
God “satisfiest the desire of every living thing.” But in nature few needs are met and few desires are satisfied. Life is short, hard, cruel, and painful for nearly every living thing. 145:17
“He calleth them all by their names.”
God knows how many stars there are and knows them all by name. That’s pretty impressive since there are 100 billion or so galaxies, each containing about 100 billion stars. 147:7
Even the dragons praise the Lord. 148:7
“Praise him in the firmament of his power.” 150:1


“Lean not unto thine own understanding.” Don’t try to understand things; just accept whatever the bible and your religious leaders tell you. 3:5
“Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and the man that getteth understanding.”
A special anthem was composed from these words for Darwin’s funeral at Westminster Abbey. 3:13
“How can a man … understand his own way?”
Humans can’t figure things out on their own. 20:24
“As he thinketh in his heart”
In the Bible, people think with their hearts not with their heads. 23:7
“Yea, my reins shall rejoice.” (“Reins” is the Bible’s word for kidneys.) 23:16


“The sun also ariseth”
Although this verse is interpreted figuratively today, it was taken literally by virtually all Christians until the Copernican revolution, and was used by the Church to condemn Galileo for teaching the heliocentric heresy. 1:5
“The place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.”
Good description of the water cycle. 1:7
“He hath made every thing beautiful.”
Everything is beautiful in its own way. Parasitic worms, cancer cells, bubonic plague. You just have to look at it from God’s eyes. 3:11
“No man can find out the work that God maketh.”
Science is impossible. We can learn nothing at all about the natural world. 3:11
“That which is far off, and exceeding deep, who can find it out?”
Who can find out? We can by using science! The earth, ocean, solar system, galaxy, and universe — nothing is too deep or far away for science to discover and explore. 7:24
“Then I beheld all the work of God, that a man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun: because though a man labour to seek it out, yet he shall not find it; yea farther; though a wise man think to know it, yet shall he not be able to find it.”
Oh, I think science has done a pretty good job of finding things out over the last four centuries or so. 8:16
“Thou knowest not … how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child.”
Actually, this is pretty well understood by modern embryology. 11:5


“When he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.”
(Earthquakes happen when God gets angry.) 2:19, 21
“He has stretched forth his hand against them … and the hills did tremble.” (God makes earthquakes when he gets angry.) 5:25
“He [God] … will hiss unto them from the end of the earth.”(The earth is flat and has an end.) 5:26
“Neither doth his heart think so”
In the Bible, people think with their hearts not their heads. 10:7
“The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb….” I wonder what will become of the spiders. Will they be more friendly toward flies? And will the parasitic wasps find another way to feed their larvae? Or will they continue to feed off the living bodies of caterpillars? 11:6, 65:25
“And the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice’ den.” A cockatrice is a serpent, hatched from a cock’s egg, that can kill with a glance. They are rare nowadays. 11:8
God will gather up the people of Judea “from the four corners of the earth.” In the Bible’s view, the earth is flat with four corners. 11:12
The moon produces its own light and the earth does not move (except when God gets angry and shakes the heavens). 13:10-13
When God gets really angry, he causes earthquakes. 13:13
Dragons will live in Babylonian palaces and satyrs will dance there. 13:21-22
Out of the serpent’s root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.” What ever happened to these fascinating biblical creatures? 14:29
“The foundations of the earth do shake … The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard.”
(Earthquakes are all a part of God’s wondrous plan.) 24:18-20
God will punish the leviathan (“that crooked serpent”) with his own sword and will kill the sea dragon. 27:1
Natural disasters (earthquakes, storms, fires, tsunamis) are caused by, and are a sign of, God’s wrath. 29:7
Among the many strange creatures mentioned in the Bible that no longer seem to exist is the “fiery flying serpent.” 30:6
“The light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold.” Well, this is one prophecy that will never come true. Since the moon has no light of its own, but only reflects that of the sun, it could never shine like the sun. And the sun will not, at least not while there are humans to see it, shine 7 times as bright as it does now. 30:26
“The LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his armwith the indignation of his anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones.” 30:30
“The host of heaven shall be dissolved … and … shall fall down.”
The stars will dissolve and fall from the sky. 34:4
“And the unicorns shall come down with them.” 34:7
Dragons and satyrs may not seem real to you, but they did to the author of these verses. 34:13-14
“In the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.” 35:7
God makes the sun move backwards 10 degrees. Now that’s a neat trick! 38:8
The earth is a flat disc that God looks down upon from his throne in heaven. 40:22
God made the stars, presumably all at once on day four of creation, and “not one faileth.” But new stars are being formed today and old stars are dying, just as they have been doing for the last 13 billion years or so. 40:26
Dragons and owls will thank God for irrigation. 43:20
God set the earth on foundations so it doesn’t move, his hand is as big as the universe, and the stars stand up straight when he calls them. 48:13
God cut Rahab (the sea monster) to pieces, wounded the dragon, and dried up the sea. 51:9-10
Bad people hatch poisonous cockatrice eggs. Whoever eats the eggs will die, and when the eggs are crushed a viper hatches out of them. 59:5
“Neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee.” Of course the moon doesn’t give off light, but only reflects the light from the sun. 60:19
Immortal worms: “Their worm shall not die” 66:24


“The showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain.”
Droughts are punishments from God. 3:3
“The stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle [dove] and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming.”
One of the earliest references to bird migration. (Many stork, dove, crane, and swallow species are migratory.) 8:7
“I will send serpents,cockatrices among you, which will not be charmed, and they shall bite you.”
A cockatrice is a serpent, hatched from a cock’s egg, that can kill with a glance. They are rare nowadays. 8:17
God will make Jerusalem an uninhabited “den of dragons.” 9:11
When God gets angry, the earth trembles. (That’s what causes earthquakes.) 10:10
Judah will become a desolate den of dragons. 10:22
“O LORD of hosts … that triest the reins [kidneys] and the heart.” 11:20
The wild asses “snuffed up the wind like dragons.” 14:6
“I try the reins [kidneys].” 17:10
“O LORD of hosts, that … seest the reins [kidneys].” 20:12
The earth is set on foundations and does not move. 31:37
Jeremiah predicts that humans will never again live in Hazor, but will be replaced by dragons. But people still live there and dragons have never been seen. 49:33
“Nebuchadrezzar … hath swallowed me up like a dragon.” 51:34
“Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant. They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions’ whelps.” 51:37
“The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.” 51:42
“I will make drunk her princes, and her wise men, her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.”
God will force the Babylonians to get so drunk that they die from alcohol poisoning. 51:57


Ostriches are not cruel and inattentive parents, as this verse implies. They are, in fact, careful and attentive parents. The male scoops out a hollow for the eggs, which are incubated by the female during the day and the male at night. After the eggs are hatched, they are cared for by the mother for over a month, at which time the chicks can keep up with running adults. 4:3


“The firmament … the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.” 1:22
Ezekiel proclaims that the world (which is flat and has four corners) is ending. 7:2, 6
The firmament is over the heads of the cherubim. 10:1
“Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon that lieth in the midst of his rivers.”
This is the only clearly symbolic use of “dragon” in the Bible. 29:3
God “will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.” To Ezekiel, the sun is just a little light that can be covered with a cloud, and the moon produces its own light. 32:7-8
God will get so angry that his fury will come up in his face so that even the fish, birds, beasts, and bugs will shake when they see him. God will throw a tantrum, toppling every wall and mountain. 38:18-20


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